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Anemia and its Prevalence in People with Diabetes – Portal Diabetes & Você

    Anemia and its Prevalence in People with Diabetes - Portal Diabetes & Você

    Anemia is a disease that presents with a decrease in hemoglobin levels in the bloodstream. Hemoglobin is a protein present in red blood cells, that is, in red blood cells. Its main function is to transport oxygen from the lungs to the cells of all the tissues of the body. Iron, present in hemoglobin, is responsible for this transport.

    Do you know what glycosylated hemoglobin is?

    As all our cells depend on oxygen to carry out their functions, anemia can lead to serious complications.

    The symptoms of this disease are not very clear, they are variable and depend on the severity of the condition and the speed of installation of the disease. As the most common signs and symptoms, we can mention:

    • Weakness
    • Fatigue
    • Indisposition
    • Shortness of breath
    • easy fatigue
    • Pallor
    • Hair loss
    • Weak and brittle nails
    • Dry Skin
    • Difficult to focus
    • Drowsiness
    • weak memory
    • Dizziness
    • Dizziness
    • Fainting
    • palpitations
    • Tachycardia

    diabetes and anemia

    Anemia is increasingly recognized in patients with diabetes, especially those with some degree of kidney disease, therefore, anemia in these patients should be investigated early, avoiding future complications.

    Nephropathy and Diabetes, learn more.

    Researchers at Liverpool University Hospital evaluated the prevalence and association between anemia and urinary albumin in diabetics. Anemia was diagnosed in 23.5% of the patients with diabetes who participated in the research. Patients with anemia had the highest urinary albumin-creatinine index and the lowest glomerular filtration rate. The authors recommend early detection of anemia and its treatment in patients with diabetes.

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    In Australia, researchers published a study in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism in which they examined the prevalence and predictors of anemia in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).

    One in seven patients had anemia on laboratory tests, while patients at higher risk of anemia could be identified by the presence of diabetic nephropathy.

    people with Diabetes type 1 and kidney disorders were six times more likely to have anemia compared to people with normal kidney function. Patients with anemia were also more likely to retinopathy and macrovascular complications, compared to individuals with normal hemoglobin levels.

    Therefore, they concluded that anemia is a common finding in patients with type 1 diabetes, and that patients at increased risk of developing anemia can be identified by nephropathy.

    Iron, an essential mineral

    Iron is a mineral that has important functions for the body. Essential in the formation of hemoglobin and the transport of oxygen to cells, it also plays an important role in the immune system.

    People who have unbalanced diets, low in vitamins and minerals are strong candidates for iron deficiency, as well as women, pregnant women and children up to 2 years of age.

    Iron deficiency, also called iron deficiency anemiaIt is usually caused by a diet poor in iron.

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    According to the Ministry of Health, today, iron deficiency in the human body is the biggest problem related to nutritional deficiency in Brazil and in the world.

    What are the consequences of iron deficiency?

    • Poor performance at work and in the practice of physical exercises, difficulty concentrating, irritability, weakness, tiredness, dizziness, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, paleness inside the eyes and lips are some of the symptoms that the Anemia;
    • It is characterized by a deficiency in the size or number of blood cells (red blood cells) or in the amount of hemoglobin (pigment) they contain, resulting in limited exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the blood and other cells. of our body

    Factors that trigger anemia?

    • Low intake of foods rich in nutrients necessary for the production of red blood cells and hemoglobin, such as iron, vitamin B12 and folic acid; Since, about 90% are produced by low intake of foods rich in iron.
    • Excessive blood loss from bleeding, heavy menstruation, or worms;
    • genetic abnormalities;
    • Increased nutrient needs at certain stages, such as childhood and adolescence (depending on body growth and development), pregnancy and lactation.

    Iron-rich foods: an aid to combat anemia

    The best weapon for the prevention of iron deficiency anemia It is, without a doubt, a very varied diet, rich in foods that naturally have iron or that are enriched and fortified with this mineral.

    Foods to eat:

    The most suitable foods for this are those rich in iron and vitamin C, responsible for improving iron absorption.


    • Vegetables, mainly dark green: cabbage, watercress, broccoli, spinach;
    • Red and white meats, chicken and fish, respectively, and eggs;
    • Legumes: Beans, lentils, soybeans, chickpeas;
    • Vegetables and orange-yellow vegetables and beets;
    • Seafood and organ meats;
    • Citrus fruits, rich in vitamin C, such as orange, acerola, kiwi, lemon;
    • oatmeal;
    • Mineral water;

    Foods that should not be eaten:

    • Coffee and caffeine, especially after meals;
    • Chocolate;
    • Wines;
    • Milk and its derivatives: Cheeses, yogurts;
    • Processed, canned, industrialized foods;

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