Since the World Health Organization classified the new coronavirus as a pandemic, the speed of contamination has worried authorities around the world. From the beginning, the evolution of the viral disease in patients in the risk group, such as people with diabetes, is also a cause for concern.
In view of the ongoing research to launch a vaccine or discover effective drugs, the recommendation is to monitor blood glucose and adopt preventive measures to protect yourself from possible health problems.
With that in mind, we list some clarifications about the risks involving coronavirus and diabetes. We also included tips on how to protect yourself from the disease and strengthen the immune system. Be sure to check it out!
1. What is the so-called risk group?
Undoubtedly, the coronavirus is still a mystery to the scientific community, which works tirelessly to discover effective methods of treating the disease and preventing it. From the beginning, however, doctors have observed that some people, due to age or comorbidities, are more likely to develop the severe form of the disease and suffer the consequences of Covid-19.
Among the people most susceptible to the problem, we can mention the hypertensive and the elderly. Individuals with chronic conditions, such as asthma, are also at risk. Diabetes is also considered a vulnerable condition. This is due to some factors that make it difficult to cure the infection. Such factors include excess blood sugar, accentuation of the inflammation process and compromised immune system.
2. What are the main risks for patients with diabetes?
As with other viral or bacterial infections, it is important that the patient has a strengthened immune system to overcome Covid-19. The risks for those who have diabetes, therefore, refer precisely to the possibility of the body not responding adequately to the treatment, given the tendency to inflammation and the high glycemic index in the blood , as seen.
A positive aspect is that for people with well-controlled diabetes, regardless of type, the risks can be mitigated. For those who have low management of glycemic levels, it is recommended to adopt a healthier and more beneficial routine for the body.
3. Are the risks the same for all types of diabetes?
To date, there is no concrete evidence to indicate that the risk of contamination is greater in people with diabetes. Also, at first, there was no difference in risk between type 1 and 2 diabetes.
What is noticeable, however, is the difference in the predominant profile among patients with each type of condition, which may or may not characterize the worsening of the disease and the advance in the body. The common profile of individuals with type 2 diabetes, for example, is the elderly, with obesity and greater insulin resistance.
The profile of patients with type 1 changes a little. In general, they are younger and not overweight. In this case, the inflammatory aggravating factor can be reduced. It is worth remembering, however, that regardless of the type of diabetes, it is essential to adopt preventive measures to avoid serious illness in case of contamination.
4. What are the main tips to protect yourself?
There are several actions that can prevent illness due to the coronavirus. To prevent contagion by the infectious agent, it is important to wash your hands frequently with soap and water and. If necessary, sterilize them with gel alcohol. It is also essential to wear a mask when leaving the house. Also keep a distance of 2 meters from any individual.
As specific measures for people with diabetes, it is worth mentioning those capable of strengthening the immune system and balancing glycemic levels, for example, adopting a healthy diet, controlling the anxiety eventually generated by social distancing and physical exercises. Given the beneficial relationship between vitamin D and diabetes , sunbathing throughout the day can also help.
5. What to do in case of symptoms of Covid-19?
The recommendation of the authorities, so far, is that people avoid seeking medical help when symptoms are mild. This is because there is a high risk of contagion when leaving the house, and the health units themselves offer danger, given the presence of contaminated people in the environment. In this case, home isolation should be carried out for 14 days. During the isolation, the person should monitored for the evolution of other symptoms that may characterize the disease.
In case of high and constant fever, malaise and other severe respiratory symptoms, it will be necessary to seek the nearest health post or hospital. Also taking all the recommended precautions to receive guidance on performing the test and appropriate treatment, if applicable.
6. How important is it to follow the authorities’ guidelines?
At this delicate moment in the country’s history, several government agencies are studying the appropriate measures to prevent the increase in the number of infected with the new coronavirus. Research is also advancing in discovering the impacts. While the results are still uncertain, it is important to follow preventive recommendations oriented around the world. Preventive recommendations such as avoiding crowds and maintaining social distancing.
If possible, confinement at home is also recommended until the new infected curve starts to react positively. It is also essential for health to seek to update existing vaccines against viruses and bacteria. Also, preventing winter diseases from further lowering immunity and aggravating the risks in case of contamination by Covid-19.
Dealing with the coronavirus and diabetes has made the population inserted in the risk group face several challenges. Among them, understanding the impacts that the new disease can bring to the body. And also, preventing risks by adopting measures to control glycemic indices. It is also worth mentioning the importance of staying informed about new discoveries around the globe, identifying the change in position by Brazilian health authorities and adopting safety measures, such as vaccination for people with diabetes.