Skip to content
Home » Blog » Discover the causes of childhood diabetes and how it can be treated

Discover the causes of childhood diabetes and how it can be treated

    Beijinho diet: complete recipe - Portal Diabetes & Você

    Diabetes is a disease that is growing more and more in society. The main reason for this is related to lifestyle habits, that is, an increasingly sedentary population with a low-quality diet. But is this true for childhood diabetes?

    Well, in a way, yes! However, it is necessary to understand, from now on, that there are different types of diabetes. Each of them is associated with a specific cause, but all require care with glycemic levels.

    This is because the consequences of high blood sugar can be serious. Some are long term. Others can occur in a matter of hours, especially in so-called childhood diabetes. Keep reading!

    Understand what diabetes is

    First of all, let us understand what diabetes mellitus is. The cells in our body need energy to carry out their basic functions. This is the foundation that keeps us alive! For us humans, energy is going to be obtained from glucose.

    Therefore, every time we eat, glucose must be absorbed and converted into energy through metabolic processes. What captures the sugar in the blood and takes it to the cells is the hormone insulin.

    This hormone is produced in the pancreas and is released when glucose begins to rise in the blood. But remember: only when it is inside the cell will it be transformed into the necessary energy.

    This energy will follow two paths: one part will be used and the other will be stored, mainly in muscles and fat tissue. So if blood sugar drops, our body uses energy reserves.

    READ also  HIV test: what to do with the result?

    Having said all that, diabetes is a problem with glucose uptake, either due to lack of insulin or insulin resistance. Therefore, the condition features elevated blood glucose levels, which must be combated with medication and lifestyle changes.

    Glycemic index infographic for diabetics concept. Vector flat healthcare illustration. Pie chart with colorful food symbol with low, medium and high Gi on circle frames on white background.

    Find out what type characterizes childhood diabetes

    You already know the basic concept of diabetes. However, there are different causes that justify high blood glucose. These are the causes that will characterize the types of diabetes.

    In type 1 diabetes mellitus, the pancreas cannot produce insulin. Most of the time, this is due to an autoimmune reaction. In other words, the body itself will attack the insulin-producing cells until they cannot produce the hormone.

    On the other hand, type 2 is more related to obesity. There are various detailed explanations for this, however, just keep in mind that the body acquires resistance to the action of insulin.

    Therefore, even if the pancreas continues to produce the hormone and even tries to overcome the resistance, it does not. Worse still, more and more, the insulin-producing cells are going to fail.

    But, after all, what type is childhood diabetes? Well, in the past it was related to type 1. That is, even in childhood, the pancreas, due to autoimmune mechanisms, stopped producing the hormone.

    However, with the increasing incidence of childhood obesity, an increase in type 2 cases in children has been observed.

    See the symptoms of the disease.

    Once you understand the relationship between insulin and glucose, it’s easy to understand the symptoms. So, first of all: you don’t get energy if you don’t absorb glucose. Thus, the body seeks strength in its energy reserve: muscles and fats.

    READ also  Learn how the adopted lifestyle affects people's quality of life

    Therefore, a significant weight loss occurs, without the person making an effort. In addition, there is a significant increase in the volume of urine. So people with diabetes complain about more trips to the bathroom.

    As the concentration of sugar in the blood increases so much, it is diluted less. To compensate for this, our body tends to feel more thirsty. So keep these 4 symptoms in mind:

    • weightloss;
    • increased thirst;
    • increased hunger.
    • frequency

    After all, if energy is not produced and there is significant weight loss, our body asks for help through hunger.

    Keto food for ketogenic and cholesteral diet, healthy nutritional eating lifestyle for good heart health with high fat protein, low-carb to prevent diabetes illness, diabetic disease control

    See diagnosis and treatment

    The diagnosis of the condition is quite simple: it is enough to identify the increase in blood glucose. This can be done through various tests. The most common of these is fasting blood glucose: if it’s high, even without food, it means there’s a problem with your insulin.

    There is also the oral glucose tolerance test, which tests blood glucose before and shortly after eating sugar. There is also random blood glucose. Here, the person does not need to have fasted: if there are high levels and symptoms of the disease, the diagnosis is already made.

    The treatment will be according to the type of diabetes. Since type 1 does not produce insulin, it is necessary to inject the hormone. This can be done with a syringe, pen, or even infusion pumps.

    READ also  Does diabetes cause impotence? Discover how it affects your sexual life - Portal Diabetes & You

    In type 2, as there is still residual production, some drugs can enhance the effect or contribute to lowering blood glucose. In addition, good eating habits and physical activity are essential for treatment.

    Find out what care you need

    We have previously seen how the treatment is done, but there are important details that we cannot forget. In type 1, for example, if the injected insulin was insufficient, there is a risk of hyperglycemia. In the most severe cases, it can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis.

    However, if you inject more insulin than you need or if you don’t eat, your glucose tends to drop too low. This will cause symptoms such as excessive sweating and dizziness, which can land the person in the emergency room.

    In type 2, the main care should be with diet and physical activity. This is because complications tend to be long-term. So, if the treatment is inadequate, hyperglycemia over months and years damages the so-called target organs:

    • urinary system;
    • vision;
    • Cardiovascular system.

    We saw, then, that childhood diabetes can be of any of the types, type 1 being the most common. It is worth mentioning that the symptoms are established very quickly. So the diagnosis can be made in a matter of hours or days. Parents should pay close attention to the behavior of their children. Once the disease is diagnosed, don’t despair! Seek guidance on treatment and see how it is possible to offer quality of life and well-being to the little ones!

    We use cookies to give you the best online experience. By agreeing you accept the use of cookies in accordance with our cookie policy.