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Main benefits of microalgae for health and nutrition

    Main benefits of microalgae for health and nutrition - Portal Diabetes & Você

    Your morning smoothie can take on a nice emerald green color and a nutrient boost if you add a little spirulina or chlorella to the. But do you know all the reasons why these microscopic algae are so good for your health?

    Here are some of the top benefits why you should add magical microalgae to your diet, from boosting immune function and helping your brain function to fighting anemia and preventing diabetes resistance.

    Knowing the microalgae

    spirulina

    THE spirulina It is a blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) capable of photosynthesis and considered a great food supplement. Recognized as a potent source of phycocyanobilin, a bioactive component that provides antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, spirulina is also dense in protein and nutrients such as copper and thiamin, or vitamin B1. This microalgae provides all nine essential amino acids that the body needs for optimal function.

    Chlorella

    Chlorella is a single-celled freshwater algae that contains photosynthetic pigments in its chloroplast. This microalgae is especially rich in zinc, iron, magnesium, vitamin B2 and omega-3 fatty acids. Like spirulina, chlorella contains all nine essential amino acids that the body cannot produce on its own.

    While both microalgae are extremely nutrient dense, with only minor differences, chlorella has higher levels of vitamins and fatty acids. Indeed, these two microscopic superfoods are great additions to any diet, but since they can interact differently with your body depending on your needs, it’s a matter of preference which one you add to your morning smoothie. As always indicated, it is worth consulting your doctor or nutritionist before taking a supplement.

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    Health benefits of microalgae

    Diabetes management.

    Studies published in the Revista dos Trabalhos de Iniciação Científica da Unicamp, in 2018, showed that “chlorella algae is capable of preventing insulin resistance in obese animals, since it improves the insulin signaling pathway in the liver, muscle skeletal and adipose tissue. .

    Since insulin resistance leads to the progression from obesity to type 2 diabetes, Chlorella has a beneficial effect in direct disease prevention. Type 2 diabetes is associated with high mortality, morbidity and a poor general condition of the patient, thus generating a decrease in quality of life. Microalgae can, in addition to having a direct action on the evolution of the disease, improve the health of the patient as a whole.

    Spirulina also shows promise as a way to manage diabetes symptoms. A 2018 review study found that spirulina supplementation significantly lowered people’s fasting blood glucose levels. High fasting blood sugar is a common problem in people with type 1 and 2 diabetes. This suggests that spirulina supplements may help control diabetes.

    Powerful source of antioxidants.

    Spirulina is packed with antioxidant compounds like phycocyanin, which is responsible for its dark blue-green color. Studies suggest that phycocyanin has potential benefits, including anti-inflammatory properties, protection against oxidative stress, and neuroprotective qualities.

    Chlorella is also recognized as one of the most powerful antioxidants, as it is the largest source of chlorophyll on the planet, corresponding to 3% to 5% of its dry weight. In addition to chlorophyll, chlorella contains several compounds that are considered antioxidants, including vitamin C, beta-carotene, lycopene, and lutein. These antioxidants can help fight many chronic diseases, including the reduction of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), which cause many of the complications of diabetes.

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    Prevention of heart disease and hypertension.

    Fish is considered a common source of healthy omega-3 fatty acids. They even get this nutrient by eating algae. A study comparing kelp oil to a serving of cooked salmon found that each had about the same omega-3 content, a compound essential for supporting heart health and lowering blood pressure. Omega-3 has also been shown to increase dopamine and keep depression at bay.

    Some research on chlorella has pointed to a blood pressure-lowering effect. Many of its nutrients have been shown to prevent hardening of the arteries. Spirulina may also play a role in preventing heart disease, due to its “bad” cholesterol-lowering effects through fatty acids, anti-inflammatories, and antioxidants.

    Helps remove heavy metals.

    Among the numerous benefits associated with algae, one of the most outstanding is the characteristic of chlorella, this microalgae has the ability to bind heavy metals (lead, cadmium, mercury, among others) and eliminate them. It is an algae with a high affinity not only for heavy metals, but also for volatile organic compounds (VOCs), pesticides, herbicides and mycotoxins.

    In addition, some studies suggest that the use of chlorella tends to decrease the amount of other harmful chemicals that may be present in food, such as dioxin, which has carcinogenic characteristics. Since chlorella is a living organism, it has evolved to bind only toxic metals, not essential minerals. For this reason, it can be used without risk of nutritional deficiency.

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    Algae promote healthy skin.

    Spirulina helps facilitate rapid cell turnover, which can aid the body in the healing process. It can also prevent fungal overgrowth, which helps your skin recover from breakouts and acne.

    Chlorella, in turn, contains vital nutrients for collagen synthesis, which promotes healthy, elastic and even skin. The chlorophyll present in chlorella is thought to help the body reverse radiation damage, as seen in some recent studies.

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